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Large Association of Movie Blogs

Sunday, January 29, 2017

A Documentary - At Long Last - On Trumpet Virtuoso Clifford Brown

"The record companies owe it to the future of jazz to make every possible fragment of the beautiful musical gifts Clifford gave the world with unbounded love."Quincy Jones

"I thought I was a fairly good chess player until I met Clifford." Max Roach

Today, in an era typified by handsomely produced but too frequently shallow and vacuous entertainment, a musician whose warmth reaches down to the soul is pretty much unheard of. . . or merely difficult to find among a sea of drek. Just such a musician was the pride of Wilmington, Delaware - trumpet genius Clifford Brown.

Clifford Brown enjoyed a brief but meteoric career that ended with his untimely passing in an automobile accident on the Pennsylvania Turnpike on June 26, 1956.

Horace Silver (barely visible on left), Clifford Brown, Curly Russell, Lou Donaldson and (on right behind drum kit) Art Blakey - Birdland, February 24, 1954

Clifford shook up the music world, co-leading the groundbreaking Clifford Brown-Max Roach Quintet at a time when several mighty modern jazz trumpeter/bandleaders - Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis and Chet Baker, to name just three - were at the peak of their powers.

This music lover is eagerly awaiting his copy of Don Glanden's Brownie Speaks: A Video Documentary - The Life, Music & Legacy of Clifford Brown, which can be ordered on DVD here. Have not seen Bruce Speigel's 2016 documentary about Bill Evans yet, but that is on the cue as well.

Six years in the making, Brownie Speaks features extensive interviews, recordings, photos and archival footage of the music great.

Much looking forward to seeing this, as apparently the filmmakers have unearthed some heretofore unseen footage of Clifford, who was an accomplished pianist and composer as well as the best of the best on trumpet.

The footage of Clifford this writer knows of is the following television appearance on a show hosted by comedian and music lover Soupy Sales (note: two of Soupy's sons were bandmates of pop music innovator David Bowie).

There were two interviews with Clifford, one conducted by Willis Conover for the Voice of America radio program.

Clifford's co-bandleader, drummer Max Roach, thought the world of him.

As did the late great writer and activist Nat Hentoff, the other journalist who interviewed Clifford (for Down Beat, in its April 7, 1954 issue).

Clifford's family has carried on the torch. His widow LaRue established The Clifford Brown Jazz Foundation to promote music education in his honor, while his son has been responsible for steadfast efforts to keep his father's legacy alive, as well as produce and host stellar jazz programming for KCSM Jazz 91. In an outtake from the documentary, he reminisces about when the full impact of his father's importance in the world of music became quite apparent to him.

While, unfortunately, a fair number of Clifford Brown's more spectacular musical scenarios were not recorded - at one case he did dueling trumpets at Philadelphia's Mercantile Hall with another brass genius, Theodore "Fats" Navarro - at least his few years as a leader and sideman (with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, The Tadd Dameron Orchestra, The Swedish All-Stars and vocalists Sarah Vaughn and Dinah Washington) on the Blue Note and Emarcy Records labels were nothing if not prolific.

So dear readers, just in case you have not listened to the music of Clifford Brown before, here are a slew of his albums, including concerts, with which to acquaint yourselves. Enjoy!

For more info, check out the Brownie! website and read Nick Catalano's book Clifford Brown: The Life and Art of the Legendary Jazz Trumpeter.

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Starting Tomorrow Night at San Francisco's Castro Theatre: The Return Of Noir City

"Noir City 15's lineup explores, in films both suspenseful and comedic, the desperate lengths to which people will go to beat the system and hit the big time."

The 2017 incarnation of Noir City hits the spectacular art deco movie palace trappings of San Francisco's Castro Theatre this Friday night!

A happy day in Noir Universe entails heaping helpings of thuggery, skullduggery, chicanery, desperation, doomed relationships, double-crossing dames, sex-starved saps, roads leading nowhere, bullet-riddled sedans, nervous cigarette smoking, furtive claustrophobia and post-WWII style ennui, with double shots of Dirty Al's Rotgut Whiskey and stark terror.

Opening night presents a double bill of two unbeatable classic movies, Cross Cross and The Asphalt Jungle.

The Noir City 2017 theme is The Big Knockover: 10 Days Of Heists, Hold-ups, And Schemes Gone Awry. Here's the official Noir City 15 trailer, created with much skill and imagination by Serena Bramble on Vimeo.

The lineup shall present "a veritable history of the heist film" and include such devastating thrillers as Jules Dassin's Rififi.

There will also be such unique and in some cases comic spins on the genre as Big Deal On Madonna Street, The Ladykillers and The League Of Gentlemen.

While quite a few movies on the program offer that careening yet foreboding shadow world in chiaroscuro black & white cinematography, the festival, exploring the "heist" theme, includes a fair number of films produced, like a Quinn Martin Productions TV show in color. . . if not necessarily glorious Technicolor, breathtaking CinemaScope and stereophonic sound - with the exception of Violent Saturday, directed by Richard Fleischer.

This fast-paced thriller, starring Victor Mature, Richard Egan and Lee Marvin (we would assume Dan Duryea was not available), actually is in CinemaScope.

The cinematic cornucopia of criminal capers ranges from hard-boiled noir classics (Criss Cross, Rififi, The Killing, Kansas City Confidential) to equally hard-boiled 1970's urban dramas (Blue Collar).

The festival's producer, host and co-programmer Eddie Muller a.k.a. The Czar Of Noir notes, "films in the festival come from the United States, England, Japan, France, Italy, Argentina, and Germany and span eight decades of filmmaking." The program will also include the contemporary thrillers El Aura and Victoria.

Since this blogger's last viewings of many of these excellent noirs transpired via VHS tapes and non-HD television sets in the last century, the festival shall represent a fresh re-introduction to many of the 24 classic films in the Noir City 15 lineup.

Also strongly recommend that attendees buy the compilation books of articles from Noir City's e-magazine. The essays make superlative reading and many of the very best writers about cinema in the country are represented. This film buff and reader finds it more fun to buy a copy at the Castro than online and then peruse the articles between films. Limited numbers of copies are available for purchase on the mezzanine.

Noir City 15: The Big Knockover
When: January 20 to January 29, 2017
Where: Castro Theatre, 429 Castro Street (at 17th)
Who Benefits: The Film Noir Foundation, the cause of film preservation and most of all. . . the moviegoing audience!

By all means, check out the official program notes - Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3 - as well as the following preliminary write-ups on the festival:

Advance tickets for the programs are available online through Brown Paper Tickets. For more info, see the Noir City and Castro Theatre websites. There's also a Noir CitySF YouTube channel.

That said, one scenario featuring a heist we will definitely NOT see in the Noir City 15 lineup is Maudlin's Eleven from SCTV, but we'll post it anyway to get properly primed for the criminal caper-fest.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Happy 125th Birthday, Oliver Hardy!

With the realization that laughs are among the few balms that work in difficult times, we celebrate the 125th birthday of Oliver Norvell Hardy, born on January 18, 1892.

Times may be good, bad, awful or in the "don't ask" department, but laughs are eternal. And the Laurel & Hardy films deliver them - boy, do they deliver them!.

We do not have much to add - kind of like Ollie saying "I have nothing to say" - except that Mr. Hardy has enriched the life of this blogger and lifted his spirits incalculably - as have the key Hal Roach Studio behind-the-camera comedy aces seen in this photo (snapped on the set of Below Zero), L&H director James Parrott and Charles Parrott (a.k.a. Charley Chase).

Ollie a.k.a. "Babe" made his name as a supporting player in dozens of films for Lubin in Jacksonville, then later with such comedy producers as L-Ko and Vitagraph. Rob Stone's book Laurel Or Hardy: The Years Before The Teaming delves into the extensive Babe filmography in detail (and with humor). Starting in 1919, Mr. Hardy starts turning up frequently as a key stock company player in the wacky comedies of Vitagraph star Larry Semon, the comedian-director-gagman and former cartoonist who resembled Max Schreck as Nosferatu, Richard Outcault's 1890's comic strip star The Yellow Kid and Bill Griffith's comics character of many decades later, Zippy The Pinhead.

Once having moved on to Hal Roach Studios, Mr. Hardy contributed hilarious supporting performances to several entries from Charley Chase's series of two-reel short comedies. Director-writer Leo McCarey would later launch the Laurel & Hardy series.

For books on The Boys, the latest edition of Laurel & Hardy: The Magic Behind The Movies by Randy Skredtvedt is just what the doctor ordered for fans of the team and of the Lot Of Fun, a.k.a. Hal Roach Studios.

Equally indispensable: the Laurel & Hardy Onstage combo of CDs and a book (also by Mr. Skredtvedt) about the team's 1940's tours.

The Boys will continue to rock audiences as long as their films can be shared with a group, preferably in a theatrical setting. This is why it is important to continue the good work Sons Of The Desert tents, film festivals and archival organizations do: assemble a bunch of people to watch the L&H films - and laugh!

All at Way Too Damn Lazy To Write A Blog doff those battered brown derbies in tribute to Mr. Hardy, as well as two other silver screen and comedy powerhouses with January 18 birthdays, Danny Kaye and Cary Grant! Cheers!

Sunday, January 15, 2017

From The Bandstand To Hollywood: Musicians In The Movies, Part 1

A topic of great interest to us at Way Too Damn Lazy To Write A Blog is which stars and character actors in classic films made a direct transition from fame in the world of music to silver screen stardom.

The epitome of a multi-talented musical giant who could also act was Louis Armstrong.

Once it was obvious that Mr. Armstrong was a crossover artist with broad appeal, both to a racially divided America and to the international market, he began appearing in films. While Louis' first silver screen appearances in Paramount short subjects were very likely regarded as racially insulting even back in 1932, the moment Armstrong plays the trumpet, the mores of the times are obliterated by his musical genius.

Of course, once captured on film outside America, Louis could just play. Here's Pops, soaring in Denmark.

Once Louis Armstrong signed his contract with Decca Records, placing him effectively alongside Bing Crosby as a pop star, he transitioned from just playing and singing in movies to character parts and would continue doing occasional dramatic roles in movies and TV for the rest of his life.

In the pre-Belafonte and Poitier days, the roles almost always left something to be desired. Again, Armstrong's personality and investment in the part shined through. One wonders if any of the method actors and Stanislavsky students noticed his ability to get into a part, even a very flimsy one, and make the most out of it.

Satchmo continued touring as goodwill ambassador, bringing outstanding music to the far corners of the earth - and back again.


Periodically, between tours, Pops would bring that megawatt personality, creativity and originality to motion pictures and TV. Whether playing music or acting, Louis lights up the screen whenever he gets the chance.

The empathy that is front and center in his music translates to Louis' acting and he played quite a few character roles in movies and TV over his long career. One of Armstrong's best performances is in Marty Ritt's film Paris Blues. He co-stars with one of the entertainment world's equivalents of Jackie Robinson, actor and director Sidney Poitier, plus two more icons, Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward.

Mr. Armstrong also does a beautiful job in a supporting role in A Man Called Adam starring Sammy Davis Jr.


The key figure in early 1930's music who became a star of feature films, of course, was Bing Crosby. Here he is with Louis Armstrong in the famous musical number from High Society.

Bing's first screen appearance was in The King Of Jazz, as part of The Rhythm Boys with Harry Barris and Al Rinker.

Bing's also a musical guest in the 1930 film Reaching For The Moon, one of the very few talkie appearances of swashbuckling Doug Fairbanks, Sr.

Between many gigs, Bing would make an occasional short subject. The crooner gets chased around by lions in Mack Sennett Star Comedies (by this time in the early 1930's, pretty darn low budget), not unlike Mabel Normand in The Extra Girl and Billy Bevan, Andy Clyde, Sid Smith, etc. in countless silent 2-reelers.

Bing's charm and singing ability was massively evident in these short subjects and he soon graduated from occasional small parts in features to starring roles. MGM and Paramount saw his potential star power and cast Bing in musicals: College Humor, Going Hollywood, We're Not Dressing.

While usually headlining musicals and comedies, notably setting box-office records in 1944 playing the laid-back priest teaching the boys' choir to harmonize in Going My Way, Bing would also ace non-singing dramatic roles in such films as The Country Girl.

Russ Columbo
Even more of a challenger to Bing's pop music preeminence than fellow crooners Rudy Vallee and Al Bowlly: bandleader-vocalist-violinist, radio star and prolific recording artist Russ Columbo.

The Italian American crooner started his career as a violinist and occasional vocalist with The Gus Arnheim Orchestra. He can be seen in the following Vitaphone Variety.

A rising entertainment superstar and the paramour of movie actress Carole Lombard, Russ Columbo began appearing in films in 1933. These include musical short subjects (That Goes Double) and such feature films as Broadway Through A Keyhole.

He subsequently appeared in two more features, Wake Up And Dream and the musical Moulin Rouge.

In this clip from the latter film, Russ sings the first choruses of "Coffee In The Morning (And Kisses In The Night)" with co-star Constance Bennett before The Boswell Sisters swing the next choruses with their customary blue-note filled flair.

Russ Columbo may well have, like Crosby, Sinatra and Doris Day, enjoyed a lucrative career as a star of Hollywood movies but, tragically, he died on September 2, 1934 as the result of a freak accident.

Rudy Vallee
The first popular crooner, Rudy Vallee, turned out to be the first radio star to headline a feature film, The Vagabond Lover in 1929.

Vallee subsequently starred in musical short subjects for Paramount (including Kitty From Kansas City, an all-time favorite "follow the bouncing ball" cartoon of this blogger) as well as the 1935 Vitaphone film Sweet Music with Alice White and Ann Dvorak, but found his movie mojo in the 1940's as a comic character actor in Preston Sturges movies, both at Paramount and Fox. These include some great classic movies: The Palm Beach Story, Unfaithfully Yours and The Beautiful Blonde From Bashful Bend.

The best story regarding Rudy Vallee and his ultimate trouper approach - along the lines of "wherever you perform, give it everything you've got" - is in Illeana Douglas' excellent "my life and times in showbiz" bio, I Blame Dennis Hopper.

Mel Tormé

Scat-singer supreme Mel Tormé was not a particularly prolific actor, besides those numerous walk-ons on the 1980's TV sitcom Night Court. That said, Tormé shared with fellow entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. a background as a child actor and performer. Mel's acting career preceded his music career, beginning with parts on such radio serials as Jack Armstrong: All-American Boy and The Romance Of Helen Trent. Mel's music career commenced when he was hired in 1942 to be the drummer/arranger in Chico Marx' band! Soon after that gig, Tormé would head the vocal quintet The Mel-Tones and be associated with Artie Shaw's group.

As Louis Armstrong and Frank Sinatra did, Mel would periodically act in films and television during breaks between intense touring schedules.

While the prolific recording artist known as "The Velvet Fog" - a nickname he loathed - mostly appeared in such movie musicals as Higher And Higher (which also was Sinatra's screen debut) and Good News, he also portrayed one of the most miserable poor bastard sad-sack downtrodden characters ever in an episode of Playhouse 90. Mel played the perennially abused doormat brother of raging psychopath comic Sammy Hogarth, played by Mickey Rooney with slimy misanthropic fury.The Comedian was directed by John Frankenheimer and penned by Rod Serling with fever-pitch intensity.

Harry Belafonte

Stage and screen actor, activist for social change, vocalist and recording artist Harry Belafonte is known for co-starring with Dorothy Dandridge in the classic Carmen Jones, but is also responsible for a remarkable performance in Robert Wise's hard-hitting noir thriller Odds Against Tomorrow.

Jerry Lewis
Jerry, granted, is not a crooner in the same sense that Columbo, Sinatra and his partner Dino were - and unlike Bing and Satchmo did not start in the world of music - but would frequently sing and sometimes play the drums as part of his nightclub act.

Lewis is first and foremost a musical comedian, mightily influenced by song-and-dance goofballs The Ritz Brothers. "The Typewriter Routine" is both brilliant and inspired by the musical physical comedy of Harry Ritz.

Other musical Lewis bits include his lip-synching to Mario Lanza's Be My Love on The Colgate Comedy Hour and his pantomime to The Count Basie Orchestra in The Errand Boy.

Jerry very likely enjoyed recording and performing the show-stopping tune associated with Al Jolson, "Rock A Bye Your Baby With A Dixie Melody" as much or more as doing comedy.

Currently making personal appearances at 90, Jerry Lewis could certainly be considered a musician as well as a comic - and, like Johnny Carson, did enjoy getting behind the drum kit on his and other TV shows.

As Sinatra and Dino did and the overwhelming majority of musical comedians did not, Jerry made a seamless transition into character parts. Just one role of many in movies and TV was in Martin Scorsese's wonderfully creepy drama about celebrity obsession, The King Of Comedy.

Mr. Lewis did something few actors have accomplished, playing a character part at 90, in the 2016 film Max Rose.

And then there was. . .


Ocean's 11. . . Sergeants Three . . . Four For Texas. . . Robin & The 7 Hoods. All funny films, intentionally and unintentionally. And as full of outrageous jokes (mostly at each other's expense) as The Rat Pack performances were, Frank, Dino and Sammy all handled dramatic roles quite well.

Frank Sinatra
It's showbiz legend that The Chairman Of The Board pulled the entertainment grand slam, his performance in the megahit From Here To Eternity arriving along with his first (and among his best) albums for Capitol, Songs For Young Lovers and Swing Easy. He had already done marvelous work in 1940's MGM musicals, but branched out into dramatic acting in the 1950's.

As was the case with Louis Armstrong, Sinatra brought the directness and emotion so prevalent in his music to character parts. The polar opposite of such lighthearted (albeit wonderful) musical films as Anchors Aweigh and On The Town, Otto Preminger's The Man With The Golden Arm showed Sinatra's range and fearlessness as an actor. While never known as an opiate user - Crown Royal was more Frank's style - it's a good bet he knew friends, colleagues and acquaintances in the music business who had experienced exactly what his character in this harrowing drama about drug addiction does.

Dean Martin
As top-notch as Sinatra and Shirley McClaine are in the Vincente Minnelli's Some Came Running, the cast member who is quite surprisingly powerful is Dean Martin. Dino gives the storyline a boost with his excellent performance.

He does the same in Howard Hawks' Rio Bravo.

Sammy Davis, Jr.
Never to be outdone, ever, Sammy Davis, Jr. stars as a self-destructive jazz trumpeter in a little known but superb movie directed by Leo Penn (a.k.a. Sean's father), A Man Called Adam.

The film is quite the sleeper, with an all-star supporting cast that includes Louis Armstrong, Ossie Davis and Cicely Tyson.

And The Rat Pack, during their early 1960's heydey, had been hearing and attempting to ignore the footsteps from this guy for seven long years. . .

Elvis Presley

An icon in the world of entertainment, Elvis played the acoustic guitar on his early albums for Sun Records and was a strong vocalist and a dynamic performer in multiple mediums - well, before a very bad diet, plus the prescription painkillers and opiates prescribed by his doc got him. In many of his movies, Elvis has a breezy and likable screen presence that goes hand-in-hand with that undeniable charisma.

Had Elvis wanted to chuck the music career and concentrate on acting, he would have done quite well. One would argue that Kid Creole is tops among Elvis' performances as an actor.

tops musically of all his films, including Jailhouse Rock? That would be Viva Las Vegas, co-starring firebrand entertainment powerhouse Ann-Margret.

Finding the Elvis Presley movies much more entertaining and fun then they were ever cracked up to be, this writer recommends Jim Neibaur's book The Elvis Movies.

The Beatles & The British Invasion

The Beatles never quite crossed over to become character actors, but the Fab Four's immense personal magnetism and abilities as comic actors - and the fact that the camera loved them - were part of what made their movies so enjoyable.

The one Beatle who did tackle a serious acting role was John Lennon. After making the two Beatles films with Richard Lester, John showed acting chops in a supporting part in the director's 1966 anti-war satire of the war movie genre, How I Won The War.

1960's pop stars soon followed into feature films. This would include Paul Jones from the Manfred Mann Group in Privilege, several Mick Jagger movies (Performance and Ned Kelly best known among them) and Two-Lane Blacktop, starring James Taylor - yes THAT James Taylor - and the only Beach Boy who actually surfed, the band's matinee idol, drummer-keyboardist and (whenever he got the opportunity) talented songwriter Dennis Wilson.

Subsequently, the late great David Bowie and Prince would follow suit. The former brought epic theatricality to his tours - Diamond Dogs especially - so it was no surprise that he would demonstrate highly creative acting acumen in Labyrinth, The Man Who Fell To Earth and many other movies.

Prince starred in two stylish films which express his spin on movie and pop music iconography. Had he decided to keep going in filmmaking, the results may have been very interesting indeed, but thoese were his only efforts in the feature film arena. Who knows where Prince would have gone as both an actor and filmmaker had he chosen to do so.

In closing, it is apparent that comediennes, then as now, tend to get short shrift. One suspects that many could play multiple musical instruments skillfully - and wishes there were more film clips demonstrating such virtuosity in addition to unique abilities to sing, dance and be brilliant comediennes. We imagine Charlotte Greenwood whipping out a viola, banjo, trumpet or trombone and stopping the show. Her role in Oklahoma is sheer character actress glory.

There will be more in Part 2 of From The Bandstand To Hollywood: Musicians In The Movies, as additional vocalists and instrumentalists who made the transition to silver screen acting come to mind. This will include everything from musicians who occasionally appeared in a film to such full-blown silver screen icons as Doris Day, the former band singer turned major star for Warner Brothers.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

This Weekend: Cool Silent Movie Events On Both Coasts!

In NOT sunny California this Saturday, Angelica's and Montuno Productions present the swinging sounds of Jeff Sanford’s Cartoon Jazz Septet, accompanying a program of silent movies selected by your correspondent, Paul F. Etcheverry (co-founder of the KFJC Psychotronix Film Festival), as well as entertainment by the internationally celebrated sleight of hand artist and illusionist Patrick Martin.

The intrepid septet shall tackle the wonderfully original and challenging music of Raymond Scott, Jelly Roll Morton and the John Kirby Sextet's Charlie Shavers (1917-1971), as well as new compositions by Lenny Carlson, the composer-in-residence for both the Cartoon Jazz Septet and the Orchestra.

Mr. Carlson has composed more than 30 original pieces for the Cartoon Jazz Septet and Orchestra in a variety of styles, combining classical and jazz elements with klezmer, folk and other international sounds.

The Date: Saturday January 17, 2017
Showtime: 8:30 p.m.
The Place: Angelica's, 863 Main Street, Redwood City, CA
To see Jeff Sanford's Cartoon Jazz Septet, cool vintage films, plus a magic and comedy performance by Patrick Martin, click here to purchase Advance Tickets

For more info, see:
Angelica's website
Cartoon Jazz Orchestra official website
Cartoon Jazz Orchestra Facebook page

In New York, starting on Friday the 13th, historians Steve Massa, Dave Kehr and Ben Model shall be kicking off their latest series about silent film comedy, Cruel and Usual Comedy: Astonishing Shorts from the Slapstick Era.

The New Yorker write the 15 program silent comedy retrospective up in an entry from their Goings On About Town section, Silent Films Comedic Soul. The program notes for all shows in the MoMA series are available via the Cruel & Unusual Comedy podcast. Maybe will see a preview of things to come in Steve's next book about silent film comediennes.

In addition, Tommy Jose Stathes of Cartoons On Film is initiating a new film series that will hold forth at House Of Wax Bar in City Point Building, 445 Albee Square West in Brooklyn. East Coast animation mavens: stay tooned!

Back in the Bay Area, the following week will include the opening of the NOIR CITY Film Festival at San Francisco's Castro Theatre - this blogger's favorite film fest that he's not personally involved in producing - and some terrific programs at the newly expanded Niles Essanay Silent Film Museum.

Saturday, January 07, 2017

From The Bandstand To The Movies: Hazel Scott

"Why would anyone come to hear me, a Negro," she told Time Magazine, "and refuse to sit beside someone just like me?"Hazel Scott"

Ringing in the new year by, you guessed it, watching 1940's movies and looking up excerpts from same on YouTube, this blogger found himself totally flabbergasted by the following clip: an awe-inspiring keyboard wizard playing two pianos at the same time.

The thought, who was that lady - an astonishing musician and strikingly beautiful, elegant woman, giving Paderewski, Gershwin, Earl "Fatha" Hines and Teddy Wilson a run for their money?

The answer to "who was that lady?" was not "that was no lady, that was my wife" but the exceptional virtuoso pianist, vocalist, performer, actress and recording artist Hazel Scott (1920-1981).

Among various points in her relatively brief but eventful life, she was a prodigy, concert pianist, radio star, social and political activist, celebrated Parisian expatriate and actress in television in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Clearly, from reading such articles as Hazel Scott's Lifetime Of High Notes from Smithsonian, a bio penned by Dwayne Mack for Black, as well as watching the following 20 minute YouTube piece, those researching her life were mightily impressed.

Her influence spread far beyond the confines of the concert hall. Ms. Scott was quite the social activist: a mover and a shaker, at one point married to Harlem congressman Adam Clayton Powell. Perusing a few books and articles about Ms. Scott, it was clear all who researched her life were astonished - and worked very hard to just begin to scratch the surface. Karen Chilton's biography, Hazel Scott: The Pioneering Journey of a Jazz Pianist, from Cafe Society to Hollywood to HUAC, tells her story in detail.

Hazel was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and mastered the Euro-classical and jazz repertoires at a very tender age. She studied at Juilliard, began playing in a jazz band in her teens and began frequently performing on radio at age 16. Hazel recorded prolifically, starting in the late 1930's.

Her specialty would be "swinging the classics." Musically, Hazel explores a similar boogie woogie + classical + jazz artistic terrain to the Cab Calloway Big Band's virtuoso pianist Dorothy Donegan.

As a jazz pianist and vocalist, Hazel rose to fame demonstrating pianistic prowess at the Greenwich Village nightclub Café Society, opened Café Society, opened by Barney Josephson in 1938 as a showcase for Billie Holiday and such fellow music luminaries as pianist Mary Lou Williams.

In Miss Scott's early work as a jazz piano soloist, arguably only the aforementioned Dorothy Donegan, Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson and Jaki Byard could rival that ability to fly up and down the 88 keys and execute double-time and triple-time in "Super Waller" fashion.

Her movie career spanned several performances in 1943-1945, appearing as herself in musicals. One particularly jaw-dripping clip is Hazel's performance in the MGM revue picture I Dood It, which also featured Lena Horne.

Insisting on better roles for African-Americans in movies, Hazel turned down any and all roles as maids and other servile characters and took on no less than Harry Cohn at Columbia over demeaning costumes chosen for her female co-stars in The Heat's On.

That run-in with the not genteel, refined and forward-thinking Columbia Pictures chief would end the flurry of roles for the concert pianist in American movies. Hazel would make one more American film, Rhapsody In Blue, then record, tour and, in 1950, host her own TV show for the Dumont Network. Unfortunately, no clips of this exist.

While Hazel preceded Nat King Cole as a person of color to host a TV show, her progressive political activism made her a target. She was listed in the infamous "Red Channels" publication. Seems that in 1950, if one was an activist, union supporter or progressive - and didn't slip at least $50,000 bucks under the table to the right people to make sure that one's dossier gets overlooked - one's hosting gig and showbiz career could end abruptly. The show was cancelled a week after her appearance before HUAC, as she didn't "name names."

Undaunted, Ms. Scott relocated to Paris and resumed her music, acting and recording careers there.

Hazel did continue to play with her trio in clubs and record albums.

There were more acts in her life, including a comeback in frequent cabaret performances and, in the late 1960's and early 1970's, a return to acting in television. But before that, she made her mark with some exceptional albums.

Arguably her greatest recording as a jazz artist was Relaxed Piano Moods on the Debut Label. The style is less flashy and more contemplative than the earlier recordings, more akin to the ballad sides of Bud Powell (1924-1966) and Powell's friend and fellow under-appreciated pianist/composer of the 1950's and 1960's, Elmo Hope (1923-1967). This and her subsequent album on Decca would be a fitting coda to Hazel Scott's brilliant career in music.